branch of medicine which is related with study and treatment
Neurology Hospital in Delhi, IndiaGet Neurology Hospital in Delhi, India to ensure best neurology treatment. Patients from all corners of the world consider India for neurosurgery. It comes under the department of neurology, which provides treatment for a number of neurological disorders for instance Parkinson’s, stroke, epilepsy, paralytic disorders, sleep disorders, multidisciplinary assessment and management of multiple sclerosis and headaches. clinics and Hospitals in Delhi, India, are committed to integrating their exceptional medical expertise, technology and modernism to offer best in class neurology treatment in india. The department is well equipped with a number of surgeons, physicians and nursing staff who offer cutting-edge diagnosis using the latest neuroimaging techniques.
Defining a Good Neurosurgical SetupA good neurosurgical setup can be defined as a hospital or an institution, which is well equipped with precision equipment such as Microscopes, Cusa and even Brain Suite. This particular department is responsible for the treatment of one of the most sensitive parts of human body – brain, so they should be well equipped with latest equipment and team of neurosurgeons. This particular department in India has flourished by manifold and has capable neurosurgeons to perform surgery onmost kinds of Brain and Spine. We help international patients to choose a hospital as per the requirement. Some neurology hospitals in India are popular for Brain Tumour surgery, while others forBrachial Plexus or Spine Surgeries.
Common Neurology Treatment in India
- Decompressive Craniectomy
- Burr Hole Surgery
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Brain Surgery
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation
- Carotid endarterectomy
- Brachial Plexus Surgery
- Cerebrovascular Disease
- Microsurgical Discectomy
- Peripheral Nerve Surgery
- Stem Cell Therapy
Neurology is that branch of medicine which is related with study and treatment of nervous system disorders. Nervous system is a sophisticated and intricate system which standardizes and coordinates activities of the body including the brain. Nervous system has two main divisions, viz. the central nervous system and the brain and spinal cord. Doctors specializing in neurology are recognized as neurologists. Neurologists treat illnesses affecting the nerves, spinal cord and the brain. These disorders consist of demyelinating sicknesses of the central nervous system like multiple sclerosis and of the cerebrovascular diseases like stroke.
What do Neurologists do?During neurological inspections, a neurologist will review the patients’ health history with special prominence on present condition. Normally, inspections will take account of function of cranial nerves (including vision), coordination, strength, reflex action, sensation and mental status as well. Gathering of this data will aid the neurologist determine if the issue is clinically localized or lodges within the central nervous system. Localization of pathology is the main procedure which permits neurologists in developing differential diagnosis. Further tests might however be essential to authorize diagnosis and arrive at therapy for apt management.
What is Neurosurgery?Also recognized as neurological surgery, neurosurgery is a medical specialty which is concerned with diagnosis, surgical treatment, rehabilitation and deterrence of disorders affecting any part of the nervous system including extra-cranial cerebrovascular system, peripheral nerves, spinal cord and the brain.
Common Types of Neurosurgeries
Awake Brain SurgeryAwake Brain Surgery is also acknowledged as Awake Craniotomy. This is a kind of process which is implemented upon a brain while the patient is alert and wide-awake. Awake brain surgery is employed in treatment of some neurological disorders like epileptic seizures or some brain tumors. When tumors or zones of brain where seizures occur (epileptic focus) are near portions of brain which control vision, speech or movement might necessitate the patient to be awake during operation. Neurosurgeons might ask patients questions and monitor activity in brain as patients respond during awake brain surgery. Patient responses ultimately help the neurosurgeon make sure that they are treating the right areas of the brain which necessitate surgical intervention. This process also drops risk of impairment to functional regions of brain which could affect speech, movement or vision of the patient.
Brain Stereotactic RadiosurgeryAlso acknowledged as GammaKnife Radiosurgery, this is a kind of radiation therapy which is used for treating vascular malformations, tumors and other aberrations of brain. GammaKnife Radiosurgery is like other kinds of stereotactic radiosurgery which do not implicate surgery in the traditional sense since it does not necessitate any incisions for operation. Instead, GammaKnife Radiosurgery uses special equipment so as to accurately focus around 200 minute beams of radiation on tumors and other targets with sub-millimeter accurateness. Though each beam of radiation has little effect on brain tissue which it passes through, there is a sturdy dosage of radiation which is delivered at the place where beams ultimately meet. Accuracy of brain stereotactic radiosurgery leads to negligible amount of impairment to healthy tissues which surround the target. Furthermore, GammaKnife Radiosurgery is usually a one-time process which is finished in a single day.
Carotid Angioplasty & Stent PlacementThis is a surgical process which opens blocked arteries so as to treat or avert stroke. Carotid arteries are positioned on either side of the neck and are the key arteries which supply blood to the brain. This process encompasses provisionally inserting and inflating a minuscule balloon to the place where the carotid artery is blocked, so as to widen the artery passage. Most often Carotid Angioplasty is pooled with stent placement. Stent is a trivial metal coil which aids prop the artery open and decreases chances of it tapering at this site once again. Carotid angioplasty and stent placement might be used when traditional carotid artery surgery is either not practicable or is too hazardous for the patient.
Carotid EndarterectomyThis is a process which is intended to treat carotid artery disease. Carotid artery disease usually befalls when waxy, fatty deposits accumulate within the carotid artery. Carotid arteries are blood vessels which are situated on either sides of the neck and supply blood to the brain. Atherosclerosis or accumulation of plaques might at times confine blood flow to brain. Confiscating these plaques which is causing tapering in artery can improve blood flow in the artery and decrease risk of stroke. Patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy get local or general anesthesia during the process. Neurosurgeons will make an incision along the front of neck and open the carotid artery to confiscate plaques which are blocking the artery. Neurosurgeon will then repair the artery with sews or patches made with a vein or patch grafts made of artificial materials. Another method called Eversion Carotid Endarterectomy is at times employed which encompasses cutting the carotid artery and turning it back-to-front to confiscate plaque. Consequently, the neurosurgeon will then re-attach the carotid artery. Carotid endarterectomy is typically recommended by doctors for patients having more than 60 percent obstruction in the artery, although they might or might not be experiencing symptoms. Neurosurgeons will assess the condition of the patient first so as to determine whether they are worthy contenders for carotid endarterectomy.
Computer-Assisted Brain SurgeryComputer-assisted brain surgery with Viezec uses imaging technologies like computerized tomography (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), intraoperative MRI and positron emission tomography (PET) scans in order to create a 3D model of brain. This technique permits neurosurgeons plan the safest way to treat neurologic disorders. Furthermore, computer system specifically guides the neurosurgeon to regions of brain necessitating treatment during operation. Quite often, the neurosurgeon might combine computer-assisted surgery with awake brain surgery if necessary. Robot-assisted surgery might also encompass deep brain stimulation for patients having epilepsy. Neurosurgeons allied with Viezec often use computer-assisted methods for treating arteriovenous deformities, brain tumors and other lesions with accurately focused beams of radiation by using stereotactic radiosurgery.
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)This surgical process encompasses implanting electrodes within certain zones of brain so as to produce electrical impulses which standardize abnormal impulses. Furthermore, these electrical impulses can also affect certain brain cells and their chemical creations. Expanse of stimulation which is necessary in individual circumstances is controlled by a pacemaker-like device which is implanted underneath the skin of the patient in the upper chest. Wire leads travel below skin to connect the device to electrodes in brain. Deep brain stimulation is used to treat numerous neurological disorders like essential tremor, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder and chronic pain. DBS is also being studied as experimental treatment for dementia, addiction, stroke retrieval and major depression. Clinical trials are also obtainable for patients necessitating deep brain stimulation.
Epilepsy SurgerySurgery for epilepsy is a medical process which encompasses removing an area of the brain where seizures are found to initiate. This works best for individuals having seizures which always instigate from the same place in brain. However, epilepsy surgery is considered only after the patient has tried as a minimum two anti-seizure drugs without any victory. When these two apt drugs have failed, it is extremely unlikely that any of the other anti-epileptic medications would help the patient.
Minimally Invasive NeurosurgeryNeurosurgeons use a multiplicity of methods for operating with lesser impairment to body than open surgery in minimally invasive surgery process. Minimally invasive surgery is usually related with lesser pain, shorter stay at the hospital and fewer complications as well. Laparoscopy surgery is implemented through one or more small incisions, which use trivial tubes and small cameras and special surgical instruments, was the first kind of minimally invasive surgical intervention that was developed. Another type of minimally invasive surgery is robotic surgery which offers a magnified 3D view of the surgical site to neurosurgeons and helps them operate with flexibility, accuracy and total control. Furthermore, there are recurrent inventions in minimally invasive surgery processes which make it advantageous for patients with an extensive array of neurological conditions. Patients requiring neurosurgery and thinking that they might be worthy contenders must speak to the doctors for availing this methodology.
Neurological Conditions Treated with Neurosurgery
Acoustic NeuromaThis is an uncommon, benevolent (noncancerous) and generally slow-growing tumor which develops on the main nerve leading from inward ear to brain. Pressure from acoustic neuroma can cause instability, ringing in ears and hearing loss as divisions of this key nerve straight influences hearing and balance. Acoustic neuroma is also acknowledged as vestibular schwannoma and generally grows very slowly or not at all in some circumstances. However, it is also found to grow speedily and become huge to press against brain and interfere in vital functions in some circumstances. Acoustic neuroma treatments largely include regular monitoring, radiation therapy and surgical removal.
Alzheimer’s diseaseAlzheimer’s disease essentially is a neurological ailment where demise of brain cells is found to cause cognitive decline and memory loss. This is a neurodegenerative kind of dementia which begins as mild but gets worse gradually. Entire brain size in Alzheimer’s disease patients are found to shrivel over time with brain tissue having abridged nerve cells and connections. However, these cannot be seen or tested in a living brain, but autopsies have revealed tiny inclusions in nerve tissue which are named plaques and tangles. Plaques are usually found between dying brain cells from an accumulation of protein called beta-amyloid. Knots are found in brain neurons on account of another protein called tau.
Balance ProblemsComplications with balance are conditions which make an individual giddy or unstable. Patients may feel they are moving, revolving or floating even when they are standing, sitting or floating. When they are walking, they may unexpectedly feel tottering or flip over. There are numerous body systems involved, including visions, bones, joints, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, heart and balance organ in inner ear, which must work habitually, for an individual to maintain balance. When these symptoms are unsynchronized and do not function well, an individual does experience problems with balance. There are numerous medical conditions which can cause complications with balance. However, it is dispensed with the vestibular system (balance end-organ in inner ear) that leads to maximum balance glitches.
Benign Peripheral Nerve TumorPeripheral nerves usually link the brain and spinal cord to all portions of the body. These nerves aid in controlling muscles so that individuals can swallow, blink, pick up things, walk and carry out other activities. There are numerous categories of nerve tumors which occur, though the reason of most is unknown, there are quite a few which are genetic. However, maximum of these tumors are not tumorous, but they can result in loss of muscle control because of nerve impairment. This is why it is imperative to see the doctor when an individual is experiencing numbness, tingling pain or a strange lump.
Brachial Plexus InjuryBrachial plexus is a network of nerves which sends indicators from spine to shoulders, arms and hands. Brachial plexus injury befalls when nerves get flattened, stretched or in several serious cases rip open or haul away from spinal cord. Minor brachial plexus injuries are acknowledged as burners or stingers and are common in contact sports like football. Babies also at times sustain brachial plexus wounds at the time of birth. Other conditions which affect brachial plexus consist of inflammation or tumors. Maximum severe brachial plexus injuries are found to be the result of automobile or motorcycle mishaps. Severe brachial plexus injuries can every so often leave the arm paralyzed in conjunction with loss of sensation and function. Surgical processes which can help reinstate function consist of muscle transfers, nerve transfers or nerve grafts.
Brain AneurysmA brain aneurysm is inflating or a protuberance in a blood vessel in the brain. This typically looks like a berry dangling on a stem. Furthermore, brain aneurysms can split or leak in an attempt to cause bleeding inside the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). Most often burst brain aneurysms are found to befall in space in-between brain and thin tissues covering the brain. This type of hemorrhagic strokes is recognized as subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cracked aneurysms speedily turn dangerous and consequently necessitate hasty medical attention. Maximum of the brain aneurysms, however, do not rupture or generate any type of health complications or cause symptoms. This kind of brain aneurysms is most often perceived during tests conducted for other medical disorders. Nonetheless, treatment for unruptured brain aneurysms can be suitable in some cases and might even be able to avert a rupture in future.
Brain AVM (Arteriovenous Malformation)Brain AVM or arteriovenous malformation is a mass of abnormal blood vessels which connect arteries and veins in the brain. These arteries are accountable for taking oxygen-rich blood from heart to brain while veins carry oxygen-depleted blood back to the heart and lungs. Brain AVM is found to interrupt this vital process and function. Although AVMs can develop wherever in the body, they most often come about in the brain or spine. However, AVMs are somewhat rare and affect less than one percent of the general population. Furthermore, the reason of AVMs is still not clear. Though maximum individuals are born with AVMs, they can also rarely form later in life and are seldom passed down hereditarily amid families. Symptoms like headaches and seizures are encountered by some brain AVM patients. AVMs are usually found during brain scans for other health problems or after break of blood vessels which has caused hemorrhage or bleeding in the brain. Nonetheless, once identified brain AVMs can fruitfully be treated in order to inhibit complications like brain stroke or mutilation to the brain.
Brain TumorBrain tumors are masses or growth of abnormal brain cells situated inside or close to the brain. There are numerous different types of brain tumors which are found. While some of these brain tumors are benevolent (noncancerous), there are other brain tumors which are malevolent (cancerous). Primary brain tumors are those which start in the brain. Secondary or metastatic brain tumors are those which start in other regions of the body and consequently spread to the brain. How fast these brain tumors grow can also significantly differ. Location and growth rate of brain tumor generally determines how it will be affecting the operational process of the nervous system. Furthermore, treatment options for brain tumors generally depend upon the size, location and kind of brain tumor involved.
Carotid Artery DiseaseThis sickness befalls when plaques or fatty deposits block blood vessels delivering blood to head and brain (carotid arteries). These obstructions upsurge the risk of stroke and which is a medical emergency happening when the blood supply to the brain is seriously reduced or disturbed. A stroke usually deprives the brain of indispensable oxygen and consequently within minutes brain cells start to die. Stroke is considered to be the fourth most common reason of demise or leading reason of permanent infirmity in the United States. Carotid artery disease is found to develop gradually. First signs and symptoms of this condition might be a stroke of transient ischemic attack (TIA). Transient ischemic attack is a provisional scarcity of blood flow to the brain. A combination of alterations in lifestyle, medicines and at times surgical intervention is generally necessary as treatment of carotid artery disease.
Cavernous MalformationThese are unusually formed blood vessels impersonating the appearance of a trivial mulberry. Although cavernous malformations can befall anywhere in the body, they typically create glitches when they are found in the spinal cord or brain. From time to time, these formations can be genetic and at times they might befall later on their own. Quite often these deformities leak and result in hemorrhage causing bleeding in the brain. Neurological symptoms triggered by this typically depend upon the location of cavernous deformity within the nervous system. Symptoms spawned by this condition consist of a severe headache, variations in vision, instability, trouble in understanding others, numbness, weakness and trouble in speaking. Seizures can also befall in some cases and repeat hemorrhages can also befall soon after initial hemorrhage or much later in some circumstances. It is also possible that recurrent hemorrhage might never befall in cavernous malformations.
Cerebral PalsyThis is an ailment of movement, posture or of muscle tone which is initiated by impairment befalling to an immature and developing brain most often before the birth. Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy generally appear during infancy or preschool period of time. Cerebral palsy usually causes diminished movement which is related with atypical reflexes, shaky walking, involuntary movements, abnormal posture, inflexibility or limpness of limbs and trunk or any combination of these. Cerebral palsy patients also have issues with swallowing and eye muscle balance which makes it challenging for the eyes to concentrate on the same object. Individuals with cerebral palsy might often struggle with abridged range of motion at numerous joints of the body because of muscle stiffness. Effects of cerebral palsy on functional aptitudes critically differ. While some folks with cerebral palsy can walk, there are others who cannot walk. Some individuals with cerebral palsy exhibit normal or near-normal intellectual capacity, there are several others having intellectual incapacities. Deafness, blindness or epilepsy might also be present in cerebral palsy patients.
Chiari MalformationChiari malformation is essentially an ailment in which brain tissue is found to outspread into the spinal canal. This befalls when portion of the skull is abnormally distorted or small and pressing upon the brain and forcing it down. Chiari malformation is, however, rare but snowballing usage of imaging studies has led to a more recurrent diagnosis of this condition. Chiari malformation is classified by doctors into three types contingent upon the anatomy of brain tissue which is displaced into the spinal canal and whether developmental abnormalities of spine or brain are present accompanied by. Type I Chiari malformation develops as brain and skull are growing after birth. Signs and symptoms, consequently, might not happen until late into childhood or adulthood. Chiari malformation pediatric forms are type II & type III which are inherited and consequently present at birth. Treatment of Chiari malformation, however, depends upon the symptoms, form and severity of the ailment. Nonetheless, regular monitoring, medicines and surgical intervention are regular treatment options, but in some circumstances, treatment might not be vital.
Cluster HeadacheCluster headaches usually befall in clusters or cyclical patterns. These are some of the most excruciating types of headaches. A cluster headache usually awakens patients in the mid of the night with intense pain usually in and around one eye on any one side of the head. A cluster headache brings spells of frequent attacks which are identified as cluster periods and which typically last from weeks to months and followed by remission periods when headaches stop. No headaches befall during remission periods and these can last for months and at times years. However, luckily, Cluster headaches are not dangerous and are rare as well. Available treatment alternatives for cluster headache attacks are able to make them dumpier and less severe. Moreover, medicines are also able to decrease the number of cluster headaches as well.
CraniopharyngiomaThis is a rare type of benign (non-cancerous) brain tumor. Craniopharyngioma usually begins near the pituitary gland which secretes hormones governing numerous body functions. Craniopharyngioma grows gradually, but it can affect the function of pituitary gland and other structures in the brain which is situated nearby. Craniopharyngioma is found to befall at any age, but they most often befall in kids and older adults as well.
CraniosynostosisThis is a birth imperfection in which one or more fibrous joints between baby’s cranial sutures fuse or close impulsively before the brain is completely formed. However, the growth of bones continues while giving the head a distorted appearance. Craniosynostosis normally encompasses fusion of single cranial suture, but can also encompass more than one suture of the baby’s skull and which is then acknowledged as complex craniosynostosis. Furthermore, in rare cases, craniosynostosis is found to be instigated by syndromic craniosynostosis (genetic syndromes). Craniosynostosis Treatment encompasses surgery for rectification of the shape of head and so to allow normal growth of the brain. Early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to permit sufficient space for the baby’s brain to grow and develop. Neurological damage is also found to befall in severe cases, but then, maximum babies have normal cognitive development and also accomplish good cosmetic outcomes as well following surgical intervention. However, initial diagnosis and well-timed treatment hold the key to prosperous outcomes.
Cushing syndromeCushing syndrome is found to befall when individuals are exposed to high levels of cortisol hormone for an elongated time. Also called hypercortisolism, Cushing syndrome might be triggered by using oral corticosteroid medicine. This condition is also found to befall when the body makes excessive cortisol on its own. Too much of cortisol is found to create some hallmark signs and symptoms of Cushing syndrome like a round face, a fatty hump between shoulders or purple stretch marks on the skin. Cushing syndrome is also found to lead to bone loss, high blood pressure and at times Type 2 diabetes also. Cushing syndrome treatments can, however, return manufacturing of body’s natural cortisol to normal and prominently improve symptoms. Nonetheless, improved probabilities of retrieval depend upon the early commencement of treatments.
Dural Arteriovenous FistulasThese are essentially abnormal connections between arteries and the tough covering (dura) over brain or spinal cord and a draining vein. Abnormal passageways are found to happen between arteries and veins (arteriovenous fistulas) of the brain, spinal cord and other regions of the body.
DystoniaThis is a movement malady in which muscles involuntarily contract in an attempt to cause twisting or repetitive movements. Dystonia can affect any one portion of the body (focal dystonia) or even two or more neighboring parts (segmental dystonia) or numerous portions of the body (general dystonia). These muscle spasms can either be mild or severe and might interfere with the standard performance of everyday activities. However, there is no cure for dystonia, but medicines are often found to improve the symptoms. Surgical interventions are at times utilized to standardize or incapacitate nerves or certain regions of the brain in patients with severe dystonia.
EpilepsyIt is a neurological ailment (central nervous system disorder) in which action of the nerve cell in the brain gets disturbed in an attempt to instigate periods or seizures of rare sensations, behavior and at times even loss of consciousness. Symptoms of seizures typically extensively differ with some epilepsy patients simply gazing blankly for a couple of seconds during a seizure to others recurrently twitching their legs or arms. About 1 in every 26 individuals in the United States is found to develop seizure sicknesses. Virtually 10 percent of individuals might be having a single unprovoked seizure. However, a single seizure does not mean that the person is having epilepsy, but it necessitates at least two unprovoked seizures for diagnosis of Epilepsy. Nonetheless, even mild seizures necessitate treatments since they can prove to be hazardous during activities like swimming or driving. For around 80 percent of circumstances of epilepsy, treatments with medicines or at times surgery are able to effectually control seizures. Furthermore, some kids with epilepsy are also able to outgrow the condition with growing age.
Essential TremorEssential tremor is also a neurological ailment triggering rhythmic and involuntary trembling of the body. Although, these symptoms can affect any portion of the body, shuddering usually befalls in hands, particularly when the patient is doing simple errands like tying laces or drinking water from a glass. Generally, essential tremor is not a hazardous condition, but symptoms normally deteriorate over time and might also be severe in some individuals. Though essential tremor is occasionally muddled with Parkinson’s disease, other disorders do not cause this condition. Essential tremor can affect individuals of all ages but is commonly found in folks aged 40 years or more.
EsthesioneuroblastomaThis is a rare type of cancer which begins in the upper portion of the nasal cavity. This region where Esthesioneuroblastoma begins is alienated from the brain by a bone encompassing tiny bones which permit nerves controlling smell (olfactory) to pass through them. Esthesioneuroblastoma is consequently also acknowledged as olfactory neuroblastoma. Esthesioneuroblastoma can befall in adults of any age, but usually, start as a tumor in nasal cavity and can spread or grow into brain, eyes and sinus. Esthesioneuroblastoma patients can lose their sense of smell, experience trouble in breathing via nostrils as tumors grow and have recurrent nosebleeds. Esthesioneuroblastoma is also found to spread to lymph nodes in neck and parotid glands as well. Progressive cases of Esthesioneuroblastoma can also spread to other portions of the brain and the body, like bones, liver and lungs. Treatment of Esthesioneuroblastoma usually consists of surgery and chemotherapy and radiation therapy are also often suggested in conjunction with it.
GliomaGliomas are a kind of tumor which happens in brain and spinal cord. Gliomas generally start in the glial cells which are gummy supportive cells nearby nerve cells and also help them function. There are 3 kinds of glial cells which can produce brain tumors. These gliomas are categorized as per the kind of glial cells that are involved in the tumor.
Types of GliomasGliomas also affect brain function and can be life-threatening contingent upon the location and rate of growth. Gliomas are considered as one of the most common kinds of primary brain tumors. Category of glioma typically determines the treatment plan and the prognosis of a case. Glioma treatment alternatives usually take account of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy and experimental clinical trials as well.
- Astrocytomas – These take account of glioblastoma, anaplastic astrocytoma and astrocytoma.
- Ependymomas – These take account of subependymoma, myxopapillary ependymoma and anaplastic ependymoma.
- Oligodendrogliomas – These take account of anaplastic oligoastrocytoma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma and oligodendroglioma.
Hemifacial SpasmThis is a nervous system ailment where muscles on one side of the face spasm involuntarily. The hemifacial spasm can be triggered by a tumor, facial nerve injury, any blood vessel touching a facial nerve or might not even have a cause in some circumstances.
Huntington’s diseaseThis is an inherited illness which causes degeneration (progressive breakdown) of nerve cells in the brain. Having an extensive impact on functional aptitudes of the patient as well, Huntington’s disease leads to psychiatric, cognitive (thinking) and movement maladies. Most Huntington’s disease patients develop signs and symptoms during 30 – 40 years of age, but the commencement of the disease might be either earlier or later in life. This condition is termed juvenile when illness commencement begins before 20 years of age. This first onset usually leads to quite a different presentation of signs and symptoms alongside quicker progression of the disease. Although medicines are available to aid manage signs and symptoms of Huntington’s disease, this treatment is inept to avert the behavioral, mental and physical decline which is related with this condition.
HydrocephalusThis is usually accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within ventricles (cavities) deep within the brain. Unwarranted fluid in hydrocephalus puts pressure on the brain while increasing dimensions of the ventricles. Usually, CSF flows through the ventricles in order to cleanse the brain and the spinal column. The pressure of too much CSF which is related with hydrocephalus can ultimately impair brain tissues while initiating a huge spectrum of impairments in the functioning of the brain. Hydrocephalus is more common amid infants and older adults, though it can befall at any age. Surgical intervention for hydrocephalus can, however, restore and maintain usual levels of CSF in the brain. Furthermore, there are a multiplicity of interventions which are often necessary for managing functional damages and symptoms occasioning from hydrocephalus.
HyperhidrosisThis condition encompasses abnormally unwarranted sweating which is not necessarily connected to exercise or high temperatures. Hyperhidrosis patients might sweat so much that it dribbles off their hands or soaks through their garments. Hyperhidrosis can sometimes cause embarrassment or social nervousness besides disrupting usual daily activities. Treatment for hyperhidrosis usually encompasses prescription-strength antiperspirants on affected regions. It is also fairly rare that an underlying cause might be found and treated. Persistent hyperhidrosis might necessitate patients to try other therapies or diverse medicines. For severe cases of hyperhidrosis, doctors might recommend surgery which is either meant to confiscate sweat glands or to detach nerves which are accountable for this overproduction of sweat.
Intracranial Venous MalformationsThese are abnormally inflamed veins found in the brain. The intracranial venous malformation is a kind of blood vessel abnormality found in the brain or in the spinal cord.
Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath TumorsThese are a kind of cancer which befalls in the protective lining of the nerves which extend from spinal cord into the body. Also acknowledged as Neurofibrosarcomas, malignant nerve sheath tumors can also befall anywhere else in the body. However, these most often ensue in deep tissues of trunk, legs and arms. These tumors incline to cause feebleness and pain within the affected area and might also form into a growing protuberance or mass. Malignant nerve sheath tumors normally occur more frequently amid individuals with a congenital condition causing nerve tumors and also in folks who have undergone radiation therapy for cancers. Nonetheless, maximum individuals with malignant nerve sheath tumors are having no risk factors for this ailment. Normally treated with surgery, certain circumstances of malignant nerve sheath tumors are also suggested to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
MeningiomaMeningiomas are tumors which ascend from meninges. Meninges are membranes which edge the brain and spinal cord. However, maximum meningiomas are benevolent (noncancerous), though it is rare for meningioma to be malevolent (cancerous). Furthermore, some meningiomas are categorized as atypical, which means that they are neither malevolent nor benign, but something in between. Meningiomas are found to generally befall amid older females, but they also happen in males of any age including kids. Nonetheless, meningiomas do not always necessitate instantaneous treatment and cause no substantial signs and symptoms and can be supervised over a period of time.
Metachromatic LeukodystrophyThis is a rare hereditary disorder which causes lipids (fatty substances) to accumulate inside the brain, peripheral nerves and spinal cord. This type of accumulation is generally caused owing to a deficiency of an enzyme which aids in breaking down liquids. The nervous system and brain might increasingly lose function with this disorder. Although rare, shortage in another kind of protein known as activator protein might also cause metachromatic leukodystrophy. There are four categories of metachromatic leukodystrophies where each category befalls at different ages, but might also overlay in some cases. Each of these categories of metachromatic leukodystrophies has diverse signs and symptoms as well. Age ranges for these kinds of metachromatic leukodystrophies take account of the following.
- The infantile form of metachromatic leukodystrophy befalls between birth & 12 years of age.
- A late infantile form of metachromatic leukodystrophy befalls between few months to 2 years of age.
- The juvenile form of metachromatic leukodystrophy befalls between 3 – 16 years of age.
- The adult form of metachromatic leukodystrophy befalls after 16 years of age.
Moyamoya diseaseThis is a rare vascular (blood vessel) disorder which encompasses a ring of blood vessels situated at the base of the brain (circle of Willis) and the distal (uppermost) sections of arteries blood to the brain. These gradually narrow to cause abridged blood flow to the brain. This condition might cause transient ischemic attack (ministroke), stroke or other related symptoms. Moyamoya disease is generally found to affect children, but some grown-ups might also have this condition. Moyamoya is generally found to occur in individuals from Japan and other Asian countries, but individuals from Europe, North America & other regions also have reported circumstances of moyamoya disease.
Multiple SclerosisAcknowledged as MS, in short, multiple sclerosis is a prospective disease of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). The immune system is found to attack the myelin (protective sheath) in MS, which shields the nerve fibers and causes glitches with communication between brain and rest of the body. Multiple sclerosis can ultimately cause nerves to depreciate or become perpetually impaired. Signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis however extensively differ and depend upon the expanse of nerve impairment affecting the nerves. Furthermore, some folks with severe multiple sclerosis might also lose the aptitude to self-reliantly walk or walk at all, while other MS patients might experience lengthy periods of remission without experiencing any newer symptoms. However, there is no treatment for MS and treatments can only help accelerate retrieval from attacks, amend the course of multiple sclerosis and manage symptoms as they appear.
MyoclonusThis encompasses a speedy and involuntary muscle jerk. Hiccups are also a kind of myoclonus and so are unexpected jerks or ‘sleep starts’ which patients might feel just before falling asleep. These are types of myoclonus which befall in healthy individuals and rarely become an issue. Other kinds of myoclonus occur as a result of neurological ailments like epilepsy, reactions to medicines or as a metabolic condition. Nonetheless, treating underlying reasons can idyllically help control myoclonus signs and symptoms. Furthermore, in case cause of myoclonus is unidentified or cannot be specifically cured, then treatments can focus upon decreasing effects on the quality of life of patients.
Nasal and Paranasal TumorsNasal and paranasal tumors are essentially abnormal growths which initiate in and around the passages within the nasal cavity. Maximum nasal tumors typically start within the nasal cavities, while paranasal tumors start inside air-filled chambers around the nose called paranasal sinuses. Nasal or paranasal tumors can either be benevolent (noncancerous) or malevolent (cancerous). Furthermore, there are numerous types of nasal and paranasal tumors which exist and the kind of tumor which patients have typically determined the finest treatment strategy for a patient.
NeurofibromatosisThis is a genetic ailment which causes tumors to form in nerve tissue. Neurofibromatosis tumors can develop anywhere within the nervous system including nerves, spinal cord and brain. These tumors are generally identified either in childhood or initial adulthood. Although these tumors are typically benevolent (noncancerous), at times, they can also become malevolent (cancerous). Neurofibromatosis symptoms are often mild in nature. Risks and impediments of neurofibromatosis ordinarily take account of hearing loss, severe pain, loss of vision, cardiovascular problems and heart & blood vessel) and learning loss. Treatment for neurofibromatosis targets at maximizing healthy growth and development and managing complications as soon as they ascend. When neurofibromatosis causes huge sized tumors or tumors which are pressing upon a nerve, operation can typically help ease symptoms. Some patients might also profit from other therapies like stereo tactic radiosurgery or medications which are intended to control pain.
Parkinson’s diseaseThis is a progressive disorder of the nervous system which affects movement. Starting with a hardly evident tremor in just one hand, it develops steadily. Although tremor might be the most renowned sign of Parkinson’s disease, this ailment is also commonly found to cause decelerating or toughness of movement. The patients’ face might show little or no expression or the arms might not swing while walking in initial stages of Parkinson’s disease. Speech might also become garbled or soft. Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease typically worsen over time as the condition headways. However, Parkinson’s disease cannot be treated but medicines can distinctly improve symptoms. Nonetheless, doctors might still recommend surgery to normalize certain areas of the brain in order to improve symptoms in subsequent stages.
Pediatric Brain TumorsPediatric brain tumors are usually growths or masses of uncharacteristic cells which transpire in the brain or tissue and structures situated nearby. There are numerous diverse kinds of pediatric brain tumors which exist, while some are benevolent (noncancerous) others are malevolent (cancerous). Treatment and Prognosis (chance of retrieval) depends on the kind of tumor and its location within the brain. The degree of spread and age and general health of the kid also influence results. Furthermore, since newer treatments and technologies are constantly developing, there are several alternatives which might be available at diverse points in the procedure of treatment.
Peripheral Nerve InjuriesPeripheral nerves usually link the brain and spinal cord to other portions of the body, like the skin and muscles. Since they are brittle, peripheral nerves can be straightforwardly impaired. Furthermore, nerve injuries can also interfere with brain’s aptitude to efficiently communicate with muscles and organs. Individuals having injured one or more nerves in an accident or wrecked a bone might feel impassiveness or tingle in hands, arms, shoulders or even legs. They might also experience tingling or numbness when nerves get trodden as a result of aspects such as diseases, tumors or narrow passages. It is, consequently, imperative to seek medical care for peripheral nerve injury as soon as possible since nerve tissue can be efficiently repaired. Nonetheless, initial diagnosis and treatment can, however, avert complications and save the patient from perpetual impairment.
Peripheral Nerve TumorsThese are masses which befall on or near a network of peripheral nerves joining the brain and spinal cord to other portions of the body. Peripheral nerve tumors might also happen anywhere in the body and can also affect the function of peripheral nerves. These tumors can be benevolent (noncancerous) peripheral nerve tumors or malignant (cancerous) peripheral nerve tumors, though benevolent are the most common ones to be found. Furthermore, individuals with other conditions including schwannomatosis or neurofibromatosis are more likely to develop peripheral nerve tumors.
Peripheral NeuropathyThis is a consequence of impairment to peripheral nerves which often cause pain, numbness and feebleness typically in hands and feet. It can however also affect other portions of the body as well. The peripheral nervous system usually sends info from brain and central nervous system (spinal cord) to rest of the body. Peripheral neuropathy usually results from exposure to toxins, congenital reasons, metabolic glitches, infections and traumatic injuries. However, the most common reason of peripheral neuropathy is diabetes mellitus. Peripheral neuropathy patients typically designate this pain as tingling, burning or stabbing. In numerous cases, though, symptoms improve, particularly when they are triggered by a curable condition. Furthermore, medicines can lessen pain of peripheral neuropathy.
Pituitary TumorsThese tumors are uncharacteristic growths which develop in the pituitary gland. Some of these pituitary tumors lead to generating too much of the hormones which usually control imperative functions of the human body, while some other pituitary tumors cause the gland to create low levels of the hormone. However, maximum pituitary tumors are benign (noncancerous) growths acknowledged as adenomas. Adenomas remain in the pituitary gland or within nearby tissues and do not spread to other portions of the body. There are abundant treatment options for pituitary tumors including the whole removal of the tumor, controlling growth and management of hormone levels with medicines. Furthermore, quite often doctors also suggest observation as part of the ‘wait & see’ methodology.
Spina BifidaThis illness is a part of a group of birth imperfections which are recognized as neural tube defects. The neural tube is the embryonic structure which ultimately develops into the baby’s brain and spinal cord and the tissues encircling them. The neural tube usually forms early in pregnancy and closes by the 28th day following conception. However, in kids with spina bifida, a portion of the neural tube fails to develop and close appropriately and thus cause imperfections in spinal cord and in bones of the spine. Furthermore, spina bifida happens in variable forms of severity. Whenever treatment for spina bifida becomes essential, it is implemented surgically even though this treatment technique does not always resolve the problem entirely.
StrokeStroke is usually found to befall when the blood supply to some parts of the brain is either interrupted or sternly reduced in order to deprive brain tissue of nutrients and vital oxygen. In such a situation, brain cells begin to expire within minutes. So, stroke unvaryingly is a medical emergency and rapid treatment is vital. Early action can, however, minimalize damage to brain and prospective complications of a stroke. The good news is this that strokes can be efficiently treated and prevented and fewer folks now expire of stroke than they did 15 years ago.
Subarachnoid HemorrhageThis is a disorder where bleeding is observed in space between the brain and the membrane neighboring brain (subarachnoid space). Subarachnoid hemorrhage typically results from rupture of some atypical bulge in some blood vessel (a brain aneurysm) in the brain. An abnormal jumble of blood vessels (arteriovenous malformation) in brain, trauma or other happenings can also cause bleeding at times. Subarachnoid hemorrhage can result in perpetual brain impairment or even demise if it is not treated in time.
Tourette syndromeThis is a disorder which encompasses unsolicited sounds (tics) or repetitive movements which cannot be straightforwardly controlled. Like for instance, the Tourette syndrome patient might recurrently blink eyes, shrug shoulders or utter offensive words or strange sounds. Tics normally show between 2 – 15 years of age with the average being around 6 years. Furthermore, men are about 3 to 4 times more disposed to develop Tourette syndrome than women. However, there is no cure for Tourette syndrome patients, treatments are still obtainable. Furthermore, numerous Tourette syndrome patients will not necessitate treatment when symptoms are not an issue. Tics also often diminish or come controlled after the kid reaches teenaged years.
Trigeminal NeuralgiaThis is a chronic and excruciating condition which affects the trigeminal nerve carrying sensation from face to the brain. Even slight stimulation of face, like from putting makeup or sweeping teeth can trigger blows of agonizing pain in trigeminal neuralgia patients. Patients might though primarily experience short and mild attacks. This condition can progress and cause lengthier and more recurrent spells of intolerable searing pain. Affecting females more often than males, trigeminal neuralgia is usually found to occur in individuals who are older than 50 years of age. Since there are numerous treatment options for trigeminal neuralgia, it does not essentially mean that the patient is destined to a life filled with discomfort. Doctors competently use medicines, injections and surgery for efficiently managing trigeminal neuralgia.
Medical Tourism in India for Neurosurgery TreatmentsIndividuals with brain tumor normally undergo brain cancer surgery. The key purpose of this surgical process is to authorize abnormality seen as tumor during tests and to confiscate them. If this is not conceivable, a neurosurgeon might take a biopsy of the tumor to categorize the type. In quite a lot of benevolent tumor cases, symptoms are often totally treated via surgical elimination of the tumor. Brain cancer surgery patients might, in fact, undergo numerous treatments and procedures before actual surgical intervention. India is a professional destination for reasonable neurosurgery procedures. Neurology treatment costs in India are low and just a fraction of what you would usually pay in the western developed republics. Offering advanced medical solutions to a huge variety of healthcare glitches, it is no wonder that India is one of the most preferred global health care destinations for neurology in the present day. Other common neurology processes which are available in India consist of craniosynostosis surgery, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy surgery, brain tumor surgery, transsphenoidal surgery and an assortment of head injuries treatments. Brain tumor surgery cost in India is pragmatic and routinely affordable by common man across the globe.
Neurosurgery with ViezecViezec is an internationally reputed healthcare tourism firm catering to global patients ready to cross borders in search of admirable and affordable medical processes. Viezec is related with a number of leading healthcare facilities across the world including hospitals in Turkey, Germany, United Arab Emirates and India in order to fulfill aspirations of global patients. Unified services offered by Viezec are patient-centric and cover every detail of your medical journey as to allow you to access a hassle-free journey towards good health. Neurosurgery with Viezec is the best one can anticipate, both in terms of quality and affordability. This could be the impeccable alternative solution for individuals across the world who are in the hunt to overcome increasing cost of healthcare within their motherland.
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