Infertility complications have become a common apprehension amid majority of couples at the present time. As per World Health Organization (WHO), couples who are indulged in regular unprotected sexual intercourse for in excess of 12 months of period and are still not able to attain pregnancy are considered to be suffering from infertility problems. These problems could ascend from any end, either from the female side or the male companion. Couples who are struggling with such complications and who have a longing to conceive a normal and healthy baby can take medical help. Healthcare specialists specialized in IVF treatment in India can considerably address underlying concerns of childless couples and help them in achieving parenthood by the means of safe infertility intermediations and processes.
What is Assisted Reproductive Technology Procedures (ART Procedures)?
Assisted reproductive technology processes or ART processes are currently commonly used to achieve pregnancy in maximum circumstances of infertility amid couples. Also acknowledged as fertility treatments, it also embraces reproductive endocrinology in conjunction with infertility. ART procedures, in fact, bypass the normal procedure of sexual intercourse either via fertilization of oocytes in labor by artificial insemination to attain pregnancy. Some common ART processes currently in practice in addition to fertility medicine include IVF or in vitro fertilization, IUI or intrauterine insemination, ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, GIFT or gamete intrafallopian tube transfer and embryo cryopreservation. Sperm and egg donors are also used when either spouse is suffering from functional complaints.
General Reasons of Infertility in Females
Infertility might be instigated when both fallopian tubes are either absent or congested because of surgery, tubal pregnancy or infection and endometriosis reduced sperm count or motility. IVF can be securely executed for counts more than 5 million/ml. IVF is also ultimate for pairs whose investigations have evidenced normal but are still unable to conceive regardless of routine treatments. Success rates of IVF in India are about 20 percent to 30 percent which equate with the leading units across the globe. IVF cost in India is also relatively much less than what you would have to pay for analogous processes in another nation.
Types of Female Infertility Treatments
The following list portrays major categories of female infertility treatments.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is also acknowledged as artificial insemination (AI). This is deliberate effort to introduce sperm into female cervix or uterus for purpose of attaining pregnancy without intercourse, moderately similar to what is common practice in animal breeding. IUI process is an assisted reproductive technology fertility treatment designed for human beings. The main beneficiaries of artificial insemination are pairs suffering from male infertility, single females and lesbian couples. Intrauterine insemination is invasive and costly necessitating professional support.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Commonly acknowledged as the famed ‘Test Tube Baby’, IVF or in vitro fertilization is the procedure of letting fertilization of male and the female gametes happen outside the female body to be later implanted inside uterus. The six imperative consecutive steps of IVF in assisted pregnancy embrace monitoring development and maturing of eggs in ovaries followed by gathering of ova. Attaining sperm is the next step which is needed for fertilizing ovum with sperm in research laboratory. Fertilized eggs are then cultured in laboratory for speedy embryo growth. Finally, this embryo is shifted into uterus. Patients can run numerous cycles in order to achieve objectives. In vitro fertilization (IVF) success rates in India are excellent and simply best in the world.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an assisted reproductive technology process which chiefly encompasses insertion of sperm into egg straight through an injection. Respective fertility experts use fine needles so as to take out the sperm from male spouse. After that, doctors insert the sperm into mature eggs of female partner gotten from in vitro fertilization process in a cautious manner. The eggs are kept in a medical laboratory for surveillance. As soon as fertilization is complete, surgeons place them into patient’s uterus by carrying out a process called as embryo transfer procedure for attaining successful results.
Gamete Intrafallopian Tube Transfer (GIFT)
Gamete intrafallopian tube transfer (GIFT) is one of the exceedingly implemented ART procedures. During GIFT process, eggs from female and a sample of sperm from respective male partner is taken out and united in a specialized laboratory. This acquired mixture is then inserted into a healthy fallopian tube of lady with the assistance of a medical device known as ‘catheter’. In this way, gamete intrafallopian tube transfer process considerably increases the probabilities of attaining pregnancy. Womenfolk willing to undergo GIFT process must at least have a single healthy fallopian tube.
Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
ICSI Infertility Treatment is an assisted pregnancy process where a single sperm is directly inoculated into the egg. ICSI is usually used to overcome male fertility issues and sometimes in circumstances of sperm donation.
Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) is fairly similar to in vitro fertilization (IVF) process. The chief difference between them is that zygote intrafallopian transfer process (ZIFT) encompasses implantation of fertilized embryo straight into fallopian tubes of patients rather than their uterus. Respective doctors offer medicines and drugs to female patients that can boost the procedure of egg development in their body. These numerous eggs are taken out prudently and sent to an urbane laboratory for artificial fertilization. Doctors insert the fertilized eggs into fallopian tubes of patients within 24 hours with the assistance of catheter device. In this way, zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) female infertility treatment improves the likelihood of pregnancy without any difficulties.
Also named as ‘egg freezing’, oocyte cryopreservation is a medical process that can help store egg of females who are not planning to go through pregnancy for a substantial period of time because of other priorities. Respective doctors give certain medications to females that upsurge their egg production. During oocyte cryopreservation, these eggs are taken out securely by high-end medical tools and frozen in a specialized laboratory for later use. Females who choose to preserve their eggs by oocyte cryopreservation at an initial reproductive age have more probabilities of being pregnant as quality of eggs begins to worsen as their age upsurges.
Donor Egg Program
Donor egg program encompasses females donating eggs for purpose of assisted reproduction. Quite often unfertilized eggs are frozen and stowed to be used later. Donor egg program customarily takes account of third party assistance for assisted reproductive technology (ART procedure). Prerequisite for donor egg program ascends when females cannot have genetic kids because of their own eggs incapability to generate feasible pregnancy. Other aspects provoking egg donation include advanced reproductive age, premature inception of menopause, absenteeism of ovaries and impaired or surgically removed female reproductive organs. Genetic disorder is another sign for couples to go for donor egg program.
Embryo Donation Program
Embryo donation program is another kind of third-party reproductive assistance which encompasses giving remaining embryos of a couple after IVF to another individual for implantation. Embryo Donation is followed by placing donor embryos into receiver female uterus in order to expedite pregnancy and childbirth. Consequential offspring from embryo donation program is considered child of the lady who carries and gives birth, and not of the donor. Embryo donation programs are quite often handled on unidentified basis where active parties are unfamiliar with each other.
Embryo cryopreservation is an effective female infertility treatment that encompasses preservation of embryos at sub-zero temperatures. Embryo cryopreservation method is very advantageous for leftover embryos generally after finishing a cycle of IVF. It can also be useful when patients fail to conceive at the first attempt without having to undergo another full cycle of IVF. Typically employed as an element of IVF, main methods adopted for embryo cryopreservation consist of vitrification or slow programmable freezing (SPF).
Assisted hatching is a scientific method utilized in IVF primarily designed to improve implantation of embryos in female uterine lining by forming opening via which embryonic cells hatch out. All embryos must fundamentally hatch out of their outer shell called ‘zonapellucida’ for pregnancy to happen. Embryos with denser shells decline its aptitude to hatch in order to implant efficaciously. Usually, females over 37 years of age are found to have propensity to produce eggs with denser or harder shells. Since hatching of eggs is so imperative for pregnancy, this procedure of assisted hatching is applied in IVF techniques to achieve anticipated out comes.
The polyps can be benevolent or precancerous and can lead to uncharacteristic bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding. Growth of polyps inside the endometrium is a reason of worry for many young ‘want- to-be-moms’. The size can differ from millimeters to the dimensions of a golf ball or ever bigger. During uterine polypectomy, polyps are resected with the assistance of a hysteroscope and a coil wire. If the polyps are stubborn and indicative then complete amputation of womb is suggested during uterine polypectomy process.
Preconception Genetic Screening
There might ascend prob abilities of giving birth to kids with genetic syndromes particularly if any of the parents have a medical history of genetic glitches. Also referred to as genetic carrier screening, preconception genetic screening is a process that permits doctors to make out the likelihoods of risks and impediments related to genes before pregnancy. Preconception genetic screening is commonly suggested to individuals who have a higher risk of getting such problems. Couples must refer a qualified fertility specialist to comprehend whether they are worthy contenders for preconception genetic screening. It raises the possibility of conceiving a healthy baby.
Types of Male Infertility Treatments
The given list particularizes some of the commonly executed male infertility treatments.
At times, inflamed varicose veins in scrotum might affect sperm manufacturing and ultimately result in infertility problem in males. Varicocele ligation is a common male infertility treatment that can help treat such inflamed varicose veins in a smooth manner. It has been witnessed that varicocele affects left testicle. During varicocele ligation, surgeons make a small incision in patient’s bellyso as to cut down the flow of blood towards varicocele. Varicocele ligation augments quality of semen in males which can clearly upsurge the possibility of pregnancy in female companion. Varicocele ligation barely takes an hour and patients can return to their home within the same day.
Involving semen cryopreservation, sperm banking is a facility and process for preserving sperm cells. With assistance of sperm banking process, sperms of male patient can be preserved and efficaciously used for indeterminate periods of time. The lengthiest successful reported storage of sperm is stated to be 21 years till now. Sperm banking program can preferably be used by males undergoing treatments like chemotherapy, radiation therapy or vasectomy. Semen is usually frozen using the slow programmable freezing (SPF) technique or the new flash-freezing process also known as vitrification.
Sperm Retrieval Techniques
Sperm retrieval techniques can be employed for males who are struggling with low sperm count. Sperm retrieval techniques encompass many minimally invasive medical processes such as percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA), testicular sperm extraction (TESE), and micro epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) that can help treat male infertility. During these sperm retrieval methods, doctors carry out numerous clinical processes to extract a substantial quantity of sperm that is given to woman partner for attaining pregnancy and conceiving a baby.
Transurethral Resection of Seminal Vesicles
Transurethral resection of seminal vesicles is an extensively implemented male infertility treatment. Seminal vesicles contain a specialized fluid that aids in manufacturing of semen and sperm in menfolk. Trans urethral resection of seminal vesicles is chiefly suggested if seminal vesicles of patients are widened. Trans urethral resection of seminal vesicles aids in recognizing the root cause of dilation of fluid. Doctors use imaging methods like ultrasound test to serve the purpose.
Transurethral Resection of the Ejaculatory Duct
Transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct male infertility treatment is implemented for males struggling with ejaculatory duct obstruction problem. During transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct process, respective doctors confiscate the trouble-causing cyst in duct with the assistance of fine medical tools. It opens up the congested ducts and permits males to ejaculate in a normal way. Transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct operation also improves quality of semen which aids childless couples to accomplish parenthood in a natural mode.
Infertility Treatment Cost in India
India is a dedicated destination for infertility treatments such as assisted reproductive technology (ART procedures). Infertility treatment cost in India is reasonable and just a fraction of what you usually pay in the western developed nations. Low infertility treatment cost does not mean that Indian fertility experts compromise on quality of these treatments. Offering high-tech medical solutions to a huge diversity of healthcare complications, it is no wonder that India is one of the most preferred global medical tourism destinations in the present day. To be truthful, cost for intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment, in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), uterine polypectomy, assisted hatching, oocyte cryopreservation and zygote intrafallopian transfer in India are very pragmatic when equated to similar processes in the west. Economical infertility treatment cost in India permits international patients to save up to seventy percent of their money in conjunction with getting anticipated outcomes.
Viezec ART Fertility Treatments
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Fertility Medical Tourism in India
In addition to being a beautiful and attractive nation, India is a reputable medical tourism destination for fertility treatments. Couples who have tried numerous fertility approaches but have failed to achieve successful outcomes can be sure of infertility treatments in India. Majority of recognized super-specialty hospitals in India are well-furnished with ART techniques and other similar high-end infertility treatments. Over and above this, fertility specialists in India are enormously expert and veteran. They are knowledgeable in carrying out and giving positive outcomes following any type of infertility treatment in India. Couples enthusiastic to undergo high-quality medical techniques at affordable prices can get highly profited by opting for economical infertility treatments in India.