Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery in India
Neurology is a segment of medical science that specializes in the study of the nervous system. It deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of ailments and sicknesses which are related to the nervous system. There are three categories of neuro systems i.e. the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), the peripheral nervous system (nerves and muscles) and the autonomous nervous system (roots, plexus, and nerve trunks). The analysis and the treatment (medicines or neurosurgery) of all neurological disorders are determined by the stage of the disease and the condition of the affected body areas.
Types of Neurosurgery Surgery Treatment
- Carotid Endarterectomy
- Brachial Plexus Surgery
- Cerebrovascular Disease
- Microsurgical Discectomy
- Peripheral Nerve Surgery
What is Carotid Endarterectomy?
Carotid Endarterectomy (CEA) is a surgical process that is used to minimize the risk of stroke by rectifying stenosis (narrowing) in the common carotid artery or internal carotid artery. Endarterectomy is the elimination of material on the inside of an artery. It is an operation that confiscates the plaque buildup from inside of a carotid artery of the neck. The Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery in India is done to reinstate the normal blood flow to the brain to inhibit a stroke if you already have symptoms of abridged blood flow.
Carotid Endarterectomy treatment in India is a procedure which is used to treat carotid artery disease. This condition occurs when the fatty and waxy deposit builds up in one side of the carotid arteries. These carotid arteries are the blood vessels which are located well on each side of the neck.
The treatment which restricts the flow of blood to the brain is known as atherosclerosis. Getting rid of the plaque which is the root cause of narrowing artery can be improved with better blood flow in the carotid artery which helps reduce the chances of stroke.
In carotid endarterectomy surgery in India, you will be accountable to receive a local or general anesthetic. The surgeon working on your condition will make an incision in the frontal part of your neck, this will help open up the carotid artery and removes the plaque which are clogging your artery. Then, the surgeon will repair the artery with the help of stitches or a patch which is made with a vein or an artificial material which is known as patch graft.
Sometimes the surgeons may utilize some another techniques which are called eversion for the carotid Endarterectomy. This procedure involves cutting of the carotid artery and turning it inside out, then it removes the plaque. The surgeon will then reattach the artery to its position.
Why it’s done
Doctors may recommend the procedure called carotid Endarterectomy, if you have a severe narrowing in your carotid artery. There are other factors that are considered instead and in place of the degree of blockage in the artery. You may or may not experience the symptoms. Your doctor will get to the depth and evaluate the condition which will help them determine if the patient is a candidate for the carotid Endarterectomy.
If carotid endarterectomy isn’t the most appropriate option for you, you might undergo a procedure which is called carotid angioplasty and stenting which is an alternative of carotid endarterectomy. In this particular procedure, the doctor threads a long hollow tube which is known as catheter, it is filled with a small balloon that is attached through a blood vessel in your neck to the artery which requires to be narrowed. The balloon is then inflated which is done to widen the artery.
What you can expect
The carotid endarterectomy surgery, you may be given a numbing medication. Or you may have to be administered under general anesthesia that helps you go into sleep-like state. The surgeon will make a long cut in the front part of the neck, he will then open up your carotid artery, and get rid of the plaque deposit which have been clogging your artery. Then your surgeon will get to the task of repairing the artery with stern stitches or a patch that is made with a vein or an artificial material. Your surgeon might use another technique which involves cutting down on the carotid artery and administering it inside out, then the plaque is removed.
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