Types of Knee Replacement
Four Major types of Knee Replacement Surgeries
- Total Knee Replacement: In this surgery, maximum of the time the technique encompasses replacing the joint surface at the top of shin bone and joint surface at the end of thigh bone.
- Uni compartmental (Partial) Knee Replacement: If only one side of your knee is affected by arthritis, record of the time it is inner side of the knee, which embraces the likelihood of Uni-compartmental (Partial) Replacement.
- Kneecap Replacement or Patellofemoral Arthroplasty: This replacement surgery embraces replacement just under-surface of the kneecap and its trochlea. It is also recognized as patellofemoral joint arthroplasty or a patellofemoral replacement.
- Complex or Revision Knee Replacement: Few folks may necessitate more complex knee replacement surgery. In this usually it uses a lengthier stem which supports the constituent to be stably static into the bone cavity.
Cost of Knee Replacement in India
India is a maven destination for Knee Replacement procedures. Knee Replacement Surgery costs in India are reasonable and just a fraction of what you usually pay in the numerous western developed nations. Offering high-tech medical solutions to a hefty multiplicity of healthcare problems, it is no wonder that India is one of the most preferred global health care destinations for orthopedic treatments in the present day.
Hip Replacement Surgery in India
Hip Replacement Surgery or Hip Arthoplasty is currently the most common orthopedic operation which is usually conducted in circumstances of arthritis pain and hip fractures. Correct selection of the right prosthetic replacement implant is vital in this surgical process. The doctor confiscates impaired sections of hip joint with portions made of metal or hard plastic during hip replacement. Ultimately, this prosthesis aids to lessen pain and improve functions as well.
It would be sager to contemplate hip replacement surgery as an option if hip pain is interfering with daily activities and traditional treatments have not been helpful. Usually, impairment because of progressive arthritis is most common cause for patients across the globe in the hunt for hip replacement surgery. Other disorders calling for this surgical process include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis & osteonecrosis. Related joint replacement surgery processes for hips include Hip Resurfacing Surgery, Unilateral Hip Replacement and Bilateral Hip Replacement methods.
Causes of Hip Dislocation
- Motor vehicle collisions is the key reason of traumatic hip dislocations
- Fall from a substantial height
- Industrial mishaps can also dislocate hips
- Other associated common injuries with hip dislocations consist of fractures in pelvis, legs, back, belly, knee and head injuries
Types of Hip Replacement Surgeries
Two Major Categories of Hip Replacement Surgeries
- Total Hip Replacement: In a total hip replacement, portion of the thigh bone (femur) comprising the ball (head of femur) is removed and a new, smaller artificial ball is fixed into the rest of the thigh bone.
- Metal-on-Metal Hip Resurfacing: In place of confiscating head of the thigh bone and substituting it with an artificial ball, a hollow metal cap is fixed over the head of the thigh bone.
Cost of Hip Replacement in India
India is a dedicated destination for Hip replacement techniques. Hip replacement cost in India are reasonable and just a fraction of what you usually pay in the western developed nations. Offering high-tech medical solutions to a hefty variety of healthcare glitches, it is no wonder that India is one of the most chosen global health care destinations for hip replacement in the present day.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery in India
Carpal Tunnel Release surgery is arm and hand related medical condition usually triggering tingling and numbness as symptoms. The reason underlying this condition is a strained nerve in the wrist. Related factors contributing to carpal tunnel syndrome problems take account of rudimentary anatomy of wrist, patterns of hand use and certain underlying health problems. Carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway bound by bones and ligaments situated along the palm side of wrist. The tunnel effectually protects a major median nerve to hand accompanied by nine tendons helping bend fingers. Compression of this nerve produces tingling, numbness and consequently feebleness of hand which typifies problems related with carpal tunnel syndrome. Proper treatment successfully relieves tingling and numbness sensations from index, middle fingers and thumb in order to restore normal wrist and hand tasks.
Arthritis fundamentally is swelling of one or more joints in the body. Key symptoms in arthritis consist of stiffness and joint pain which normally become worse with growing age. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common procedures of this medical condition. Osteoarthritis causes cartilage to break down. Cartilage is the tough, slick tissue covering ends of bones where they form joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune malady which targets lining of joints in body. Other diversities of arthritis are also triggered in association with underlying illnesses, infections, uric acid crystals, psoriasis or lupus. Treatments of arthritis differ contingent upon the kind of ailment. Some common signs and symptoms of arthritis consist of severe pain, inflammation, stiffness, redness and reduction in range of motion. General risk factors for arthritis consist of obesity, family history, sex, age and any preceding joint injury. Severe arthritis might even make everyday activity a bit perplexing.
Shoulder Surgery in India
Shoulder Replacement Surgery is a process where part or the whole glenohumeral joint is substituted by prosthetic implant. This kind of joint replacement surgery is usually conducted to fix severe physical joint impairment or to relieve arthritis soreness. Shoulder Replacement Surgery is an idyllic opportunity for treatment of severe arthritis of shoulder joint triggered by tiring of cartilage lining. Excruciating bone-on-bone arthritis ensues because of this condition. This illness is enormously painful and can confine motion. Though it can be managed with medicines and lifestyle alterations, there comes a time when surgical intervention is unequivocally essential. Shoulder Replacement Surgery is considered only when pains exacerbate. Once surgery is finished, the shoulder joint looks and functions like original. Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery which is also recognized as Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery is an admirable process to solve your medical complications concerning the shoulder joint.
Ankle Replacement Surgery
Ankle Replacement Surgery is also acknowledged as Ankle Arthoplasty. This surgical process is meant to replace impaired articular surfaces of ankle joint with prosthetic material. Ankle joint replacement choice as operation is fast substituting conventional fusion of bones (arthrodesis) amid patients. Refurbishment of range of motion is key feature in favor of ankle replacement in comparison with arthrodesis. The chief objectives of prosthetic design in ankle joint replacement are to repeat original ankle joint function by refurbishing appropriate kinematics at substituted joint. This operation is also preordained to permit good fixation of components encompassing suitable load transfer to bone with minimum risk. Durability of implant is also assured which is principally relating to wear and tear. Result studies on contemporary designs reveal a five-year implant endurance rate.
Elbow Surgery in India
Elbow replacement surgery process is complicated since elbows have numerous moving portions which need to balance one another with pronounced accuracy in order to control movements of forearm. Elbows generally get impaired by glitches ranging from traumatic fractures to rheumatoid arthritis, but when impairment is far-reaching, doctors might recommend elbow replacement surgery. In this surgical process, the impaired joint is removed and artificial prosthetic joint made from two implants are implanted into arm bones. A metal and plastic axis enjoins implants together. Boundless care has to be taken that large ulnar nerve is not impaired during surgery. Implemented under general anesthesia, this surgery takes around 2 hours of time, but patients need to stay up to 4 days in clinic. Furthermore, getting used to the experience of this new fitting will take some time.
ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament Orthopedic
It is one of the most common types of knee injury; Athletes who are dynamically partaking in sports like basketball, football or soccer are more susceptible to ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament deterioration. If you have problems of ACL, you may need surgery to reestablish full functionality of your knee movements. This operation is done with an arthroscope using small cuts. The surgery is less invasive, that is why it has less discomfort, less time for surgery and quicker retrieval.
PCL or Posterior Cruciate Ligament Orthopedic
This ligament is in the back slice of knee. It is one of the joints which joins shinbone to thighbone. It is used to control the movement of shinbone rearward. Serious accidents can cause damage of PCL. Surgery for PCL rebuilding is same as ACL, implemented with arthroscope using small cuts.
Rotator Cuff Repair
Rotator Cuff Repair is an operation type which is executed to repair torn tendon in the shoulder. This process may necessitate huge cut or button-hole sized cuts used in shoulder arthroscopy. The rotator cuff is a muscle group which makes a cuff over the shoulder joint.
Three common methods for rotator cuff repairs
- Open Surgery or Open Repair: The cut is big and big muscle is placed out, typically done for more complex and large injuries.
- Arthroscopy: The arthroscope is inserted through a small cut and with the assistance of video monitoring by usage of scope the surgery is implemented.
- Mini-Open Repair or Surgery: A 2-3 inch cut is made to confiscate any bone sours and/or impaired muscle group using arthroscope.
Bow Leg Surgery
While deformed legs in babies are common, overweight teenagers seldom are also found to display this disorder. Key causes responsible for this situation include Rickets, Physiologic Genu Varum & Blount’s Disease. This ailment does not normally cause any pain, but particularly during puberty, stubborn bowing results in discomposure in ankles, knees and hips with turning-in of feet which is also common in babies that befalls in combination with deformed legs. While coordination during motion depends upon the expanse of bowing, there is an atypical aggregate of stress which is passed on to the lower extremity joints. Guided Growth and Tibial Osteotomy are the two chief categories of Bow Leg Surgery process to rectify this condition. Casts might be applied after operation in order to protect bone during healing. Crutches are also essential for some weeks together with physical therapy workouts with the intention of restoring strength and range of motion.
Functional Limb Lengthening Discrepancy (FLLD)
Limb Length Discrepancy (LLD) is clinically known as Anisomelia which is well-defined as a medical disorder displaying markedly imbalanced lengths within paired lower extremity limbs. Structural or anatomical leg length discrepancy (SLLD) and functional or apparent leg length discrepancy (FLLD) are the two kinds of LLDs found in patients. FLLD is defined as a unilateral asymmetry of lower limbs without any associated shortening of osseous constituents in lower extremities. Surgical interventions consist of stopping bone growth in the longer leg in kids and teenagers. Limb shortening by bone resection processes is also implemented for patients with skeletal maturity. Limb lengthening is usually reserved for patients with LLI greater than 40-50 mm & involves corical osteotomy followed by fitting exterior fixation devices which apply constant longitudinal distraction across operation location.
Hip Resurfacing is developed as a surgical substitute to total hip replacement (THR) surgery. This process encompasses placing a hollow cobalt-chrome metal cap, which is molded like a mushroom, over the head of femur and matching a metal cup placed in acetabulum the pelvis socket. This combo substitutes articulating surfaces of the hip joint while confiscating very little bone. When a patient moves hip with the new joint, it persuades synovial fluid flow in between tough metal bearing surfaces thus lubricating when constituents are placed in right position. Level of experience of doctor in hip surfacing is imperative and most vital for a fruitful outcome. Some benefits of hip resurfacing against THR include bone preservation, abridged chances of hip dislocation and easier revision surgery because of more accessibility of original bone stock. While reducing surgeon induced discrepancies, toe-in and toe-out faults are also evaded, since femoral neck determining foot direction is left untouched in hip surfacing process.
Surgical amputation of a part or all torn meniscus is called Meniscectomy. Unilateral and total are normal surgical processes when menisci are torn or injured. A common knee joint injury, doctors carrying out meniscectomies will ultimately settle on the kind of surgery to be implemented centered on the meniscus tear and its aptitude to heal contingent upon the age, health and activity level of the patient. Nonetheless, in any situation, menisci excision severely impacts and interrupts knee function.
Other Orthopedic Surgery Procedures in India
India is a specialist destination which is adept of solving most challenging medical disorders at reasonable prices. Some other common Viezec orthopedic healthcare treatments available in nation include Cervical Surgery, Spinal Fusion Surgery, Bunion Surgery, Hand & Wrist Surgery, Foot and Ankle Surgery and Fracture Surgery. Pediatric Orthopedics treatments in India are available for most hereditary and acquired medical conditions including Limb Lengthening Surgery. Ilizarov Method and Nerve Injury Treatments are also offered in the Indian subcontinent.