Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the spinal cord and brain which is known as the central nervous system. In MS the immune system attacks myelin which is the most protective sheath that covers the nerve fibers and causes all sorts of communication issues that have been known to affecting the working of the rest of the body parts.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

The signs and symptoms of Multiple sclerosis may vary depending person to person with due span of time and over the duration of the depending on the location of affected nerve fibers. Symptoms often affect the motion, such as:

  • Numbness or the weakness which is present in one or more of the limbs that generally occurs on one side of the body once at the time, or attacks the legs and trunk
  • Electric-shock sensations may or may not occur accompanied with certain neck movements, which involve bending the neck forward.
  • Tremors and lack of coordination or the unsteady gait are some common and visible symptoms.

Vision problems are clearly visible and very common:

  • Partial or absolute and complete loss of vision, this usually happens in one eye at a single time, it is often due to pain which occurs during the movement of eyes.
  • Prolonged issue of double vision
  • Blurry or unclear vision

Multiple sclerosis symptoms may be inclusive of:

  • Tingling or pain in parts of your body
  • Slurred speech
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Problems with sexual, bowel and bladder function

When to visit a doctor

If there occurs any of the above mentioned symptoms, then you must visit a doctor

The course of disease

Most people who suffer from Multiple Sclerosis are usually affected with a relapsing and remitting disease course. They experience periods with new symptoms or experience relapses which develop over the course of time usually days or within weeks and generally improves either partially or completely. The relapses are generally followed by short periods of disease remission which usually can last for months or several years. Small increases and growth in the body temperature can also temporarily worsen the signs and symptoms of the Multiple Sclerosis, but these aren’t the ones considered as disease relapses.

About 60 percent to 70 percent of the people who suffer from the relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis disorder eventually show some steady progression of the symptoms, with or without encountering periods of remission, which is famously known as the secondary-progressive MS.

The worsening of the symptoms is inclusive of problems which occur with mobility and gait. The rate of the disease progression highly varies amongst people who suffer from secondary-progressive MS.

Some people with Multiple Sclerosis are sure to experience a gradual onset and experience steady progression of the signs and symptoms with no relapses whatsoever. This is a condition which is known as primary-progressive.


Multiple Sclerosis occurs due to reasons which are not known as yet. It is an autoimmune disease the body’s immune system in which gets attacked by the body’s own tissues. In the case of this particular disease which is the Multiple Sclerosis, the immune system takes a hit and malfunctioning destroys the formed fatty substance which coats and protects the nerve fibers present in the brain and also the spinal cord, which is known as myelin.

Myelin can be easy to work with as compared to the electrical wires which are coated with insulation. When the myelin which is the protective layer gets damaged and the nerve fiber gets exposed out in the open with no safeguarding material, the message travels along with the nerve which may be retarded in growth or blocked completely. The nerve may be also damaged on its own.

The major concern in this front is the fact that the real cause and reason are still unknown to the laymen. The experts, and researchers are of the belief that multiple sclerosis is caused due to genetic

It isn’t clear why MS develops in some people and not others. A combination of genetics and environmental factors appears to be responsible.

Risk factors

The risk factors which may increase in count, the risk of you developing multiple sclerosis:

  • Age. Multiple Sclerosis can affect a human body at any age, but usually it is profound in people with ages somewhere between 16 to 55.
  • Sex. The gender disparity plays a role, since women are affected more as compared to men who suffer from relapse remitting MS.
  • Family history. In case one of your parents or any of your siblings have suffered from MS in the past, you are at a higher risk of being affected with developing symptoms of the disease. In future.
  • Certain infections. A variety of viruses and bacteria have been associated with MS, inclusive of, the virus which causes infectious mononucleosis.
  • Race. Color and race also has an effect on the people being affected by the disease. White people, who hail from Northern European descent, are the ones who are at the highest risk of developing and being affected with Multiple Sclerosis. People of the Asian blood, or those who are African or Native American descent are usually at a lowest risk of being affected with this autoimmune disease.
  • Climate. Multiple Sclerosis is more common site in countries that have temperate climates, the areas include Canada, northern United States, New Zealand, southeastern Australia and Europe.
  • Vitamin D. suffering from low levels of vitamin D and significantly low exposure to vitamin D or sunlight are the major concerns and reason which point towards greater risk of Multiple Sclerosis.
  • Certain autoimmune diseases. You can be at a slightly higher risk of being down with MS, in case you have the issue of thyroid disease, or are affected with type 1 diabetes or in any way associated to any inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Smoking. Smokers are at a high risk of developing multiple sclerosis, the signs and symptoms are clearly visible which points towards the condition presence and growth of MS symptoms that makes it more likely to occur amongst the smokers. Nonsmokers may develop a second event which confirms the relapsing-remitting MS.


People with multiple sclerosis may also develop:

  • Muscle stiffness
  • Paralysis which generally affects the legs
  • Spasms
  • Problems with bladder along with bowel functioning.
  • The sexual functioning also gets a hit.
  • Mental changes, which are inclusive of forgetfulness
  • Some people have also shown sign of brain activity.
  • Depression
  • Epilepsy

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