Stem cells are a group of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell categories. Commonly, stem cells come from three chief sources:

  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Adult tissue (Adult stem cells)
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)

Adult or somatic stem cells exist throughout the body after embryonic development and are found inside of diversekinds of tissue. These stem cells have been found in tissues such as the brain, bone marrow, blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscles, skin and also the liver. They remain in an inactive or non-dividing state for years until activated by sickness or tissue injury. Adult stem cells have unique capability to transmute into any specialized cell when tutored. This property makes stem cells powerful enough to regenerate impaired tissue under the right conditions. There are several uses of stem cells:

  • Organ and tissue regeneration: Stem cells could possibly be used to grow a specifickind of tissue or organ if directed to segregate in a certain way.
  • Cardiovascular disease treatment: Adult stem cells can be used to repair and restoreimpaired heart tissue and muscles.
  • Neurological disease treatment: Moreover, adult cells might be used to treat diseases such as Autism, Cerebral Palsy, ALS, Stroke, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s by replenishing impaired tissue.
  • Diabetes therapy: Individuals with type I diabetes mightget pancreatic cells to replace the insulin-producing cells that have been lost or damaged by the patient’s own immune system. The only present-day therapy is a pancreatic transplant, and it is unlikely to befallbecause of a small supply of pancreases available for transplant.
  • Anti-ageing treatments:Though stem cells have uses in medical science, it also aids in invigorating one from inside. Stem cells are taken from Adipose tissue (fat). They are then processed and vaccinated back into the desired site. The stem cells then work internally to help an individual look better-looking and younger.
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