Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive neurological disease that causes an inability to execute motions owing to a lack of muscular coordination or excessive muscle stiffness. Cerebral Palsy does not become worse with time (non-progressive). However, as the kid develops, the limb or portion linked with the injured area may suffer a gradual loss of function. These areas of the body may not develop as much as the rest of the body.
What Causes Cerebral Palsy And How Do You Prevent It?
If any region of the brain does not get enough oxygen at the moment of delivery, throughout pregnancy, or even during childhood, it suffers a damage. This may result in the loss or dysfunction of the bodily part linked with that brain area.
Cerebral palsy may be caused by a variety of factors, including: -asphyxia: a lack of oxygen to the brain during a difficult birth -a brain infection such as meningitis -a forceps/ vacuum delivery resulting in a severe head damage -any other postpartum external traumatic head injury
-Choke or near-drowning incidents, resulting in a shortage of oxygen to the brain
-An infantile stroke—a abrupt obstruction of blood flow to the brain—a rapid decrease in blood sugar levels
Some pregnancies or newborns are more vulnerable to brain injury. These are some of them:
-Weight at birth is low
-Bacterial and viral illnesses -A 35-year-old or older mother -An abnormally low or high blood pressure in the mother -Twin or multiple pregnancy
-Prenatal drug and alcohol exposure, stress, heavy metal toxicity, especially mercury poisoning from seafood
-Prematurity (delivery before the 37th week of pregnancy): infants born at 32 weeks or earlier have a significant risk of complications since the baby has not fully developed.
In India, stem cell therapy for cerebral palsy treatment uses stem cells to heal brain damage. Studies on neural tissue regeneration have shown that injured brain tissues may be repaired to some degree. The following are the major processes that aid tissue repair and regeneration:
- -Establishment of new blood vessels
- -Cell multiplication and integration
- -Establishment of new neuronal maps in the brain in order to learn new functions
- -Prevention of cell death in the neuronal population
These stem cell treatment methods regenerate damaged tissues and restore function in the afflicted region, resulting in a significant therapeutic improvement. In India, stem cell therapy for cerebral palsy treatment plays a variety of roles in the country’s general growth and progress. There are no adverse effects and no immunological rejection with autologous BM MNCs.