Retinitis Pigmentosa (also known as rod cone dystrophy) is a term used to describe a collection of uncommon hereditary diseases that damage the eye and may ultimately result in vision loss.
This is a condition that affects just the retina of the eye. The retina is a light-sensitive tissue membrane at the back of the eye that is thin and light-sensitive. It transmits the picture produced by light reflection and refraction to the brain for interpretation. This illness is usually passed down from one’s parents. This disease is typically caused by the damaging mutation of more than one out of fifty genes.
Optic neuritis occurs when the optic nerve — a bundle of nerve fibres that carries visual information from your eye to your brain — is damaged by swelling (inflammation). Optic neuritis is characterised by discomfort with eye movement and transient visual loss in one eye. Optic neuritis symptoms and signs may be the earliest signs of multiple sclerosis (MS) or they can appear later in the disease’s progression. MS is a condition that affects the neurons in your brain as well as the optic nerve, causing inflammation and damage.
Optic nerve inflammation may be caused by a variety of disorders, including infections and immunological diseases like lupus. Most individuals with optic neuritis regain their eyesight without therapy after a single bout. Steroid medicines may sometimes help with eyesight recovery following optic neuritis.
Optic Nerve Damage
Any kind of injury or damage to the optic nerve, such as trauma, inflammation, illness, or degeneration, is considered optic nerve damage. Optic nerve injury is sometimes referred to as optic neuropathy or optic nerve atrophy. The optic nerve is the nerve that links the eye to the brain and conveys information. Damage to the optic nerve may cause visual distortion, loss, and blindness.
There are numerous components inside the eye that work together to produce vision. Before being projected onto the retina at the rear of the eye, light passes via the cornea and pupil into the lens. The retina converts light into electrical impulses that are sent to the brain through the optic nerve. The orbital bones protect the eyes, which move according to the activities of the eye muscles, which are regulated by nerves. Viezec specialises in delivering the finest Stem Cell therapy in India. You can get your hands on the best treatment with our expert staff.