• Adult stem cells: Non-embryonic as well as non-differentiated stem cells. These are the stem cells that can be found amid others tissues, for instance, in bone marrow, fat tissue, umbilical cord blood, etc. (Also, these are the stem cells that are well recognized as per the differentiation ability, for instance, multipotent, totipotent and pluripotent). All the stem cells that fall in the non-embryonic category are the ones that are considered as adult stem cells.
  • Allogeneic: In the stem cell treatment, where the donor is a different individual from the receiver, reason why it is essential to look after tissue compatibility is to ensure that chances of Graft-Versus-Host-Disease is avoided at all costs.
  • Bone marrow stem cells: Adult stem cells are acquired from the bone marrow.
  • Autologous: It is the process wherein the donor as well as the receiver is the same person, and hence the compatibility is a definite match.
  • Cell therapy: It refers to the treatment which is centered majorly on regenerative medicine which needs to overhaul the impaired as well as the demolished tissue.
  • Cord blood stem cell: Adult Stem Cell that are acquired from umbilical cord blood which is very well collected at the time of birth and is very well used of cord blood stem cell. These UCB stem cells are those that are on the move from the liver, the location where the blood production happens during the fetal life.
  • Embryonic stem cell: Stem Cell acquired from the very fertilized egg (blastocyst) post a couple of days in the fertilization process and prior to the cell differentiation. Embryonic Stem cells are Totipotent, which essentially means they can very well segregate into any type of tissue cell of the fetus.
  • Differentiation: Procedure that is responsible for the stem cells to attain characteristics of a very specialized cell line and it gradually becomes particular tissue cell.
  • Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP): GMP are the quality standards to adhere to. It is the one that guarantees products and processes that are followed and conformed to the highest standards of quality and stipulations of that product or process.
  • Hematopoietic stem cells: Stem cells that are committed to the blood cells, like red cells, white cells, and platelets.
  • HLA (Human Leukocyte antigen): Human histocompatibility test, is where the immunological system markers of an individual are well determined. By this system, the body distinguishes its own cells from the foreign cells/tissue. HLA tests are very well meant to find the tissue which matches the compatibility between the folks.
  • Multipotent stem cell: Stem cells that could very well segregate into more than one type of cellular lines.
  • Plasticity: Ability as well as elasticity of the stem cell to segregate into different kinds of cell lines.
  • Pluripotent stem cell: Are the stem cells that hold the ability to segregate themselves into virtually any category of cellular lines.
  • Potentiality: Is the capability which helps separate into specific tissue cells. They are categorized into Unipotent, Multipotent and Totipotent cells. This is a factor that majorly depends on the number of cell lines that they can segregate into.
  • Mesenchymal stem cell (Also acknowledged as stromal): Group of bone marrow stem cells not committed to blood cell production. Mesenchymal stem cells are adept to bourge on and different themselves in diverse kinds of cells.
  • Protocol: A set of actions, approaches and the observance of certain conventional rules, which are premeditated and structured for a process. They are intended to systematize behavior in a particular situation.
  • Progenitor stem cells (or Unipotent stem cell): Are the stem cells that could separate themselves well into the single kind of cellular line. At the end of a very lengthy chain of cell division there happens to be “fully differentiated” cells, such as that present in liver cell or lung cell, it is perpetually committed to a very particular functions of that tissue. It is the resultant of the retrieval of the tissue and they act as a repair system for the body.
  • Regenerative medicine: Treatment in which the stem cells are persuaded to segregate into particular cells type required to repair impaired or devastated tissue.
  • Research protocol: An assortment of data that characterizes the goals, structure, strategy and contemplations considered in the execution and association of logical exploration. It incorporates the examination and understanding of results. It additionally offers the foundation and reasons with respect to why such research is being done and diagrams the boundaries under which it will quantify its results.
  • Stem cells: Primary cells that can thrive themselves (inconclusively) and to isolate into cells of specific sorts.
  • Self-renewable: It alludes to the fitness to copy by means of various patterns of cell division keeping up his state unsegregated.
  • Stem Cell CD34: Hematopoietic Stem Cell with specific atomic structure demonstrating a surface checking differentiator (CD alludes to Cluster Differentiator and number 34 alludes to sort of marker showed by evident undifferentiated organisms).
  • Totipotent stem cells. Are undeveloped cells that could isolate into all body cell classes and can frame an achievable complete life form. An example would be the cells of a new treated egg.
  • Unipotent: They are undeveloped cells that could isolate into a solitary sort of cell line.
  • Tissue engineering: Refers to construction of new tissue centered on stem cells. Tissues such as skin or cartilage could be produced outside the body and be relocated later to the patient.
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