Researchers have investigated various kinds of Stem cells for treating MND, including bone marrow stem cells and neural stem cells. According to the research, it’s possible that a combination of all these cells would have to be used to reach anywhere close to rehabilitating MND disease.
At present, no research has been able to provide reliable evidence about increased rehabilitation from stem cell therapy. According to available data, significant hurdles rest in the way of achieving a full-on recovery or rehabilitation through Stem Cell Therapy. Studies conducted in animals that model MND have suggested that stem cell transplants are more likely to be effective in protecting existing motor neurons than actually repairing them. This might be achieved by using stem cells to replace supporting cells, deliver nourishing substances or dampen down inflammation.
Types of MND
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
ALS is one of the most well-known types of neurological disorder that falls under the ambit of the MND family. A sporadic disease causes muscles of the legs, arms, respiratory system and mouth. Incidence rates of ALS are higher in men and women above the age of 50 years.
Progressive muscular atrophy
A slow-moving variation of ALS causes progressive muscle wasting in the legs, arms and mouth area.
Primary lateral sclerosis
It is another kind of upper and lower motor neuron disease that is not usually fatal but advances slightly more slowly than ALS. ALS in children is known as juvenile primary lateral sclerosis.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy
It is a generic variant of MND that primarily affects children; there are three types of this disease, and is caused by a mutation in the SMA 1 gene and affects the legs and arms areas.
Progressive bulbar palsy
It is a type of MND that affects the brain stem region. Patients diagnosed with ALS can also have progressive bulbar palsy. The symptoms of the condition include frequent choking, and difficulty eating, speaking or swallowing.
While stem cell therapy itself cannot promise a full-on recovery for patients of MND, it’s possible that therapies targeted at the root cause behind the onset of MND or aimed towards recovering functions and abilities that help in everyday functions might help.
Causes of MND
Prolonged exposure to viruses or a deadly infection that stretches on for too long damaging neurons and muscle tissue. It’s important to control such conditions with medications and prevent future relapses.
Exposure to certain Toxins and chemicals
Exposure to certain heavy-duty chemicals over a long period of time can cause MND. If your profession requires you to work with harmful toxic chemicals, try to do so with heavy-duty protective gears and switches. Prolonged exposure may lead to challenges in the daily lifestyle.
Inflammation and damage to neurons by an immune system response
Inflammation of neurons due to a response of the immune system to viruses can cause the onset of MND. In such cases, medical supervision should be administered as soon as possible, and the patient should be given medication to restrict the progression of the response.
Growth repair and ageing of motor neurons
In case the neurons stop from repairing themselves from ageing and repair, they also might become one of the top reasons for MND. In such cases, symptoms such as loss in the ease of movement and other challenges would surface; considering them to be early signs of progression, undertake medication to help the situation.
Several other physical therapies and supportive therapies provided by Viezec Stem Cell Care India can help maintain and recover some of the lost functions due to MND. Stem Cell Care India can provide a holistic approach while attending to the damages done by a disease like MND; their in-house facilities for vocal therapies and alternative therapies can help make things better for the patients.